Speaking Greek: Critical Greek Words
agon: it can mean competition or conflict as in athletics. In Greek drama it can mean the struggle or conflict between characters.
aidos: shame, embarrassment, modesty, decorum.
areté: bravery, courage, personal excellence; also moral virtue.
Chthonic: "in, under, or beneath the earth, pertaining to the Earth. Wikipedia makes the following distinction: The Greek word khthon is one of several for "earth"; it typically refers to the interior of the soil, rather than the living surface of the land (as Gaia or Ge does) or the land as territory (as khora (χ?ρα) does). It evokes at once abundance and the grave.
Dike: custom, usage; hence, what is right.
ethos: character, the enduring aspects of ones personality, in contrast to pathos which is immediate emotional response..
to eu: the perfect or the good.
Hoplite: heavily armed infantryman that formed part of a phalanx.
hybris (hubris): outrage; arrogance, insolence, violence, injury, rape.
isonomia : equal law, balance, equality before the law, equality of rights.
to kallos: the beautiful.
nemesis: righteous anger or retribution.
rhythmos: rhythm .
sophrosyné: self-restraint engendered by self-knowledge
symmetria : commensurability of the parts. Correct proportion of the parts in relationship to the whole.
techné: craft, technique, skill, expertise.
Major Greek Antinomies or Binaries