Voice of the People: Life in the Antebellum Rural Delaware County New York Area

Reform/Conflict


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Reform/Conflict Introduction | Letters/Diaries/Newspapers etc.

Reform/Conflict: The Anti-Rent Movement: Letters/Diaries/Newspapers etc.

1810: William Cooper publishes A guide in the wilderness. Books such as this provided useful information for settlers. 

ca 1845: Excerpt from John Burroughs Talks by Clifton Johnson, Houghton-Mifflin, 1922. Recollections of the Anti-Rent conflict

1845: April 23: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Poem: The Field of Wheat

1845: May 7: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Affairs in Delaware County

1845: May 21: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Poem:  The New York Seamstresses Appeal

1845: July 2: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Poem: The Farming Men (by the Forest Minstrel)

1845: July 2: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Thoughts in Prison (by the Forest Minstrel)

1845: July 23: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Poem: The Afflicted Tenant's Appeal (by the Forest Minstrel)

1845, July 25: Matthew Griffin Diary, p 460 --  Long summary of Anti-Rent "difficulty"

1845, July 25-29: Matthew Griffin Diary, p 461 -- Summary of Anti-Rent "difficulty" (continued)

1845: July 30:  Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Letter to the editor from Lumen Searle, Middletown

1845: August 6: Anti-Rent newspaper: Albany Freeholder: Song: The Contest (by the Forest Minstrel)

1845, August 6-8: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 463   -- Anti-Rent difficulty: murder of Under Sheriff Steele

1845, August 8-9: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 464  -- More on the murder of Steele; bark fire presumably set by Anti-Renters; description of Anti-Rent Indians

1845, August 9-12: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 465  -- Anti-Renters stick together; Steele buried; talk of Steele's murder

1845: August 13: Delaware Gazette: Account of the murder of Under Sheriff Steele

1845: August 13: Delaware Gazette: Funeral of Under Sheriff Steele

1845: August 13: Delaware Gazette: Public Feeling Relative to the Late Outrage: Walton

1845: August 13: Delaware Gazette: Public Feeling Relative to the Late Outrage: Roxbury

1845: August 13: Delaware Gazette: The Posse

1845, August 12-19: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 466  -- The search for Anti-Renters begins; find 10 Indian dresses in a chest;  Sheriff and a posse of 40 men come to Middletown

1845, August 19: 1845 letter from Orrin Griffin to Sheriff Moore: send 60 to 80 men including 15 riflemen

1845, August 19-21:  Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 467 - Sheriff and posse armed with muskets and bayonets hunt down more Anti-Renters

1845: August 20: Delaware Gazette: Posses capture prisoners

1845: August 20: Delaware Gazette: Trophies (Indian dresses and masks)

1845: August 20: Delaware Gazette: Eyewitness account of the murder of Steele: Peter Wright

1845: August 20: Delaware Gazette: Public Feeling Relative to the Late Outrage: Stamford

1845, August 22-27:  Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 468   -- More Anti-Renters arrested; Delaware County in a deplorable condition; men in hiding; crops not harvested; women and children morn loss of  husbands and fathers

1845: August 27: Delaware Gazette: Proclamation by Silas Wright, $500 Reward for Warren W. Scudder

1845: August 27: Delaware Gazette: Sheriff Green Moore:  $300 Reward for Warren W. Scudder, $200 for William Bartlet

1845: August 27: Delaware Gazette: More arrests, Governor may declare state of insurrection

1845: August 27: Delaware Gazette: Letter to the Editor: Osman Steele remembered

1845, August 27-29:  Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 469  -- Posse follows Anti-Renter into woods and captures him; Delaware County to be declared in a state of insurrection in a few days

1845, August 29 - September 1: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 470  -- Governor Wright declares Delaware County in a state of insurrection; troops are marching from the Capitol

1845: September 3: Delaware Gazette: Delaware County declared to be in a state of insurrection

1845: September 3: Delaware Gazette: More arrests, log jail being built, barn burned

1845: September 3: Delaware Gazette: Suspicious barn burning

1845: September 3: Delaware Gazette: Organization of the light infantry

1845: September 3: Delaware Gazette: Public Feeling Relative to the Late Outrage: Meredith

1845, September 3-7: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 471  -- Griffin joins posses; great fear of the posses by many

1845, September 8-12: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 472  -- Fear of posses; few men now come into his store

1845, September 13-18: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 473  --  Griffin goes with posse in search of Anti-Renters--learn they have a den 1/2 mile from Griffin's house; Town Supervisor resigns

1845, September 22-25: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 475  --  Anti-Renter's trials begin in Delhi; Vansteelburgh found guilty; Brisbane and Squires plead guilty

1845: October 15: Delaware Gazette: Court of Oyer and Terminer: Case of O'Conner

1845, October: 6 -25: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 476  -- Anti-Renter's trials: O'Connor convicted of murder; indictments for rioting, kidnapping, being armed and disguised; sentencing begins

1845, October: 25: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 477  -- Vansteelburgh and O'Connor found guilty of murder--sentenced to be hung from the neck until dead; others sentenced; Anti-Renters threaten to act if Vansteelburgh and O'Connor are hung

1845, November:  Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 479  -- Election: Anti-Renters nominate one Whig and one LocoFoco

1845, November 18-20: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 481  -- Upcoming execution of Anti-Renters much talked about; Anti-Renters threaten to burn the village of Delhi if the execution takes place; Governor commutes sentence from death by hanging to life imprisonment

1845, November: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 482  -- Griffin's views on the rent issue differ from that of his neighbors; Griffin believes merchants are not replenishing stock due to the "Nonpaying portion of Community (I E Anti-Renters)"

1846 Broadside: The Spring Campaign or the Tory Exploits

1846 Broadside: Thirteen good reasons why no honest Whig should vote the "Equal Rights" or Anti Rent ticket

1846: January 14: Letter from F. A. Morgan to Apollos Cook Edgerton in Delhi, NY: "leave that Mountainous and Rocky Anti-Rent hole"

1846, February: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 485  -- Anti-Rent excitement has subsided; Griffin is of the opinion the courts are corrupted

1846, April 17: Summons: Trespassing (Anti-Renters)

1846, April 22: Subpoena: Trespassing (Anti-Renters)

1846, July 4:  Equal Rights 4th of July Ribbon

1847, February: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 496  -- Anti-Rent prisoners pardoned by Governor Young

1847, February: Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 497  -- Mentions fuss made over the return of Anti-Renter Edward O'Conner from prison

1847, April:  Matthew Griffin Diary, p. 502 -- Anti-Rent difficulties in Columbia Co: Indians tar and feather a man

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Front page masthead: Hard to read: for overview purposes only

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the PeopleCandidate choices: Anti-Rent logo

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Advertisement: Cloth Dressing

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Advertisement: Empire Equal Rights Store

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Advertisement: Persecution Defeated: McDonald's Grocery

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Advertisement: War, War, War: Dry Goods

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Editorial: Facts Worth Remembering

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Editorial: Into Column, Wheel!

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Editorial: Delaware Battle Fields

1847, June 1: Anti-Rent newspaper: Voice of the People: Poem: Wake, Brothers, Wake!

ca. 1850: Albany Freeholder: Song: "Oh, Dear, What Can the Matter Be"

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Andes (Adam Akerly, Samuel Gregory, Thomas Gregory, Charles [Men]derix, [][Men]derix, Aaron A. Shaver, Jacob [] Shaver,Peter Shaver, Elias Burroughs, Abraham Palmati[], F[] Shaver, Daniel Wilson, Moses W. Earl, James [], Isaac Coh[]t, Moses Earl, Solomon Earl, Andrew Munson, Archibald McNair, George Fletcher, William Schmitt, John Rooney)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Andes (2) (may be some duplication with other excerpts) Wm Akerly, Benjamin Clark, John W. Fritts, Wm Laidlow, James Forrest, Adam Forrest, Wm Weaver, Jphn Co[]les, Moses F. Davis, Henry Davis, John Davis, Edward Reynolds, Francis Meyres, Solomon Vermilyer, Noah Vermilyer, Wm Vermilyer, Wm Pearce, John S[], Philip Ford, Wm Mallock, John McNair, Moses Earle, John Newkirk, Henry Dowie)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Andes (3) (may be some duplication with other excerpts) Daniel Wilson, Moses W Earl, James Le[]ig, Isaac Cohart, Moses Earl, Solomon Earl, Andrew Monson, Archibald McNair, George Fletch[], William Schutt, John Roney, Francis OConnor, John Hamilton, John Whitson Jr, Moses Budine, William Craz[], Alexander Robb[], Calib Davis, Thomas S. Clark, Oliver Dennis, Elias Halst[], Peter Weav[], Aaron West, G VanSteenburgh, Abraham Adee, John[] Adee, Edward Bryant, Mathew Van[], Cobin Campbell, Robert Sawyer

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Bovina  (William Rupell, William Bl[]ch, George Close, Robert Bigger, John Wight, Thomas Raitt, Peter Calhoun, William Mabin, James Coulter, William Doig, Robert Gladstone, William Gladstone, Edward Trunbull, Andrew Doig, Peter Dyzart, Edward O’Conner, John Raitt, Close Light, James New[]ch, Walter Hamilton, Thomas W. Dennis, James Hoy, Alphonso Lee, Robert Murray, Gilbert Dixon, John Da[], Bartholomew Mc F[], Edward McKen[], John O. Liddle)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Middletown (1)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Middletown (2)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Roxbury (1)  (Ina Morse, Chauncey Morse, Isaac Keator, Moses Sherwood, Hamilton B[]ham, John Smith, Chauncey Burroughs, James Bouton, John Pond, Ezekial Preston, [] Smith, Sherman Streets, Edward I Borrhans ?, J W Hunt ?, Janet Newkirk, John B. Gould, Samuel F. Corbin, George Ryder, Nicholas Rider, James Russel, Alexander More, J G. Battershall, Thomas Keator, Stephan R. Butler)

1850: US Agricultural Census, New York: Portion of the Town of Roxbury (2)   (Francis Woolcott, Patrick Lynch, Peter Sche[]horn, Je L. Dick[], Sally Woolcott, Richard Lan[], Zachariah German, Jacob Enderlin, James M[], Nicholas Bush, John Richard, Isabella []berg, Gilbert Becker, Joseph Nichols, David Mer[], Ranson Mandore, Alfred Pinder, Ebenezer Beers, Wm Re[]ing, Wm Enderling, Samuel J Ives, Isaac Vandenburgh, Martin Vandenburgh, Andrew More, Chan[] LaFever, []ing Dem[])

1852: March 8: Bloomville Mirror: The Object of Anti-Rentism

1853: Excerpts from the diary of John Champlin: Mention of "Down Rent", description of living conditions


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