Drugs and Alcohol Abuse

 
 

Campus Policy and Effects and Health Risks

Campus Policy (Taken from the College at Oneonta code of Student Conduct Handbook, 2011):

APPENDIX A : POLICY STATEMENT ON DRUGS AND ALCOHOL

Compliance with the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989

The College at Oneonta hereby prohibits the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees on our property or as any part of our institutional activities.

The College will impose sanctions on students and employees who violate this policy consistent with local, state, and federal law. Students will be subject to the judicial procedures specified in this publication. Other corrective action may include the completion of an appropriate rehabilitation program.

The College will interpret local, state, and federal regulations in the strictest sense to assure a drug free work place.

The College, on an annual basis, will provide to each student and employee information describing the health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol.

The College is committed to offering employees and students counseling and/or referral to the appropriate agencies for problems associated with drugs and alcohol. For students, the campus Counseling Center is available for confidential counseling and referrals.

Finally, the College at Oneonta commits to biennial reviews of our programs associated with this statement to determine program effectiveness and implement necessary changes. It is also our intention to assure consistent applications of this policy to all students and employees alike.

College Regulations Regarding Alcoholic Beverages

The College has an obligation to develop policies and procedures that reflect our relationships to the larger Oneonta community and to New York State. The campus alcohol policy has been revised because of legislative amendments to the New York State Alcohol Beverage Control Law. The College will, however, continue to stress the importance of alcohol education within the campus community. As is true with any policy or regulation, voluntary compliance is essential for its successful implementation.

While procedures have been developed for addressing violations of the campus alcohol policy, respect for issues of student privacy and security from unreasonable intrusions will be consistent with policy and past practice.

The College will comply with the requirements of the New York State Alcohol Beverage Control Law. Amendments to the law provide that, "No person under the age of 21 shall possess any alcoholic beverage with the intent to consume such beverage." College regulations pertaining to this law will be implemented in the following manner:

Residence Halls

Alcoholic beverages are not permitted in residence halls and no events will be approved in which alcohol will be served or consumed. Residents are subject to all local and state laws concerning the use, possession, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.

Other Areas

College policy prohibits open containers of alcoholic beverages in all outside areas on the campus. Bringing alcoholic beverages to any public or private event on campus is not permitted.

Occasional Service

Upon approval of the Hunt College Union Director, alcohol may be served at specifically approved student functions under the application procedure described below. These functions must be serviced only by the Organization of Ancillary Services designated by the Hunt College Union Director. Beverage service will be operated in accordance with federal, state, and local laws under the license obtained by the Organization of Ancillary Services of the State University of New York in Oneonta.

Application to Serve Alcohol

Individuals or organizations requesting alcohol service must do so by completing the appropriate College Activity Registration forms and submitting them to the Director or his/her designee, no later than 30 days before the proposed event. The Director, in consultation with appropriate divisions of the College and OAS, will inform the applicant of the decision within 48 hours of the receipt of the application.

Violations (resulting from “occasional service” as outlined above)

Violation of this policy will result in appropriate disciplinary sanctions up to and including dismissal, as provided for under established College judicial procedures. While students are subject to the provisions of campus alcohol policy, the following information is provided regarding provisions of the Alcohol Beverage Control Law:

*Violators are subject to a fine of up to $50 per offense, but are not subject to arrest. Alcoholic beverages involved in alleged violations of this law may be seized by authorized law enforcement officials, including campus police officers. Disposal and destruction of seized alcoholic beverages are also authorized but cannot be carried out until three days after the initial appearance date, unless otherwise ordered by a court.

* Persons under the age of 21 who present falsified or fraudulently altered proofs of age for the purpose of purchasing or attempting to purchase alcoholic beverages are guilty of a violation, punishable by a fine up to $100 and a community service requirement of up to 30 hours. Previously, violations of this section were punishable only by the imposition of a one year probationary period and a fine.

* A person under the age of 21 who represents an altered New York State driver's license for the purpose of illegally purchasing an alcoholic beverage may be subject to a suspension of that driver's license for up to 90 days and may also be required to apply to the Department of Motor Vehicles for a restricted use driver's license following the suspension.

* No person shall sell, deliver, give away, permit, procure to be sold, delivered, or given away, any alcoholic beverages to any intoxicated person or any person under the influence of alcohol.

*Any person who shall be injured in person, property, means of support or otherwise by an intoxicated person, or by reason of the intoxication of any person, whether resulting in his/her death or not, shall have a right of action against any person who shall, by unlawfully selling to or unlawfully assisting in procuring liquor for such intoxicated person, have caused or contributed to such intoxication; and in any such action, such person shall have a right to recover actual and exemplary damages.

* Social host liability creates civil liability for anyone who knowingly furnishes alcoholic beverages to any intoxicated person under the legal age of purchase if intoxication results in injury or damages to a third party.

New York State Education Law

New York State Education Law prohibits hazing that involves the forced consumption of alcohol.

Drugs

The drug problem on campus is complex and solutions to drug misuse are difficult. Nevertheless, the possession, sale, or use of any illegal drug on or off campus cannot be condoned.

In addition to taking appropriate action on its own part, the College will continue to cooperate with appropriate health and law enforcement agencies in enforcing this regulation. No sanctuary for those who violate state and federal narcotic laws will be provided by any agency or office of this College. The penalties both on and off campus for the possession and/or sale of illegal drugs are very severe.

The College, through its Student Development Division, is committed to providing the campus with an ongoing program dealing with the problems related to drug abuse and aimed specifically at its prevention through education.

The CHOICES Program

The CHOICES (Choosing Healthy Options in the College Environment Successfully) program is designed to reduce high risk use of alcohol and other drugs. Students who wish to become active in planning, implementing, and facilitating workshops regarding high risk use and related problems (safe sex, acquaintance rape, family model of alcoholism, etc.) enroll in a two credit hour class that give intensive training in a wide variety of substance abuse issues. These students make up the Peer Education program and take their workshops to residence halls, classrooms, clubs, and the Greek system. These workshops are interactive, entertaining, and effective. Volunteers are also welcome to join CHOICES as peer educators or as aides in special activities. Prevention Theater is another component of the grant that may be seen during the week of Orientation and is available throughout the semester to interested groups.

Additionally, Dale Capristo is certified to teach OCTAA (On Campus Talking About Alcohol), a highly lauded alcohol abuse prevention model, which is receiving national attention for its effectiveness in reducing alcohol use and abuse. If you require information regarding any aspect of CHOICES, you may reach Dale Capristo at x2469.

Effects and Health Risks of Drugs and Alcohol

Alcohol

Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safety, increasing the likelihood of an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects just described.

Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is like to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs, such as the brain and liver.

Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or fetal alcohol effect (FAE). Both FAS and FAE are the leading known cause of mental retardation, which is irreversible. To prevent this syndrome, total abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy is necessary. Alcohol should also be avoided if you are trying to become pregnant, as significant damage may occur before pregnancy is discovered.

Tobacco and the Body

Tobacco, commonly smoked through pipes, cigars, and cigarettes, can also be chewed and inhaled in the form of snuff Nicotine is the active ingredient in all forms of tobacco. Nicotine stimulates the heart and central nervous system and is a power constrictor of small arteries. Insufficient oxygen to the heart is the cause of heart attacks. Smoking causes the lungs and bronchioles to be inflamed and congested. Possible health risks of tobacco include arteriosclerosis, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, heart disease, and lung cancer.

Cannabis (Marijuana, pot, grass, reefer, joint, Acapulco Gold, sinsemilla, Thai sticks, weed, THC, Marinol, Hashish, Hashish Oil)

The psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC. The amount of THC in a joint is what effects the user. THC is used medically as an anti‑nauseant for cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.

Possible signs of use or abuse of cannabis include: increased heart and pulse rate, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, dryness in mouth and throat, hallucinations, paranoia or panic, impaired memory, altered sense of time, and decreased concentration, reaction time, and coordination.

Health risks include: damage to heart and lungs, damage to brain nerve cells, lung cancer, memory disorders, interference with psychological maturation, temporary loss of fertility in men and women, psychological dependence, and bronchitis. For pregnant women, health risks are premature births and low birth weights.

Designer Drugs

Designer Drugs are lab-made versions of drugs that are designated controlled substances under U.S. law. Under provisions of the Controlled Substance Analog Act, designer drugs are illegal.

Early designer drugs included substitutes for heroin, amphetamines and hallucinogens, including MDMA (“E”,”X”,”XTC,” ecstasy).

Risks of designer drugs are often related to how the drugs are made as well as how they are used. Base chemicals such as phenyl acetic acid, formaldehyde, carbamate, acetic anhydride, and others can build up to toxic levels in the labs. In the process of synthesizing some chemicals can poison the final product-creating seizure-inducing forms of PCP for instance. Many times the chemist doesn’t know exactly what drug he’s created until it’s been “tested” on real people and confirmed by medical examiners.

MDMA, MDA, XTC, ADAM, Rhapsody, E, X, ecstasy.

Risks associated with MDMA include the possibility of overdose and related risk of hypothermia. Because MDA/MDMA are amphetamines tolerance develops quickly and overdose is possible, liver damage and exhaustion can occur. The drugs are known to intensify heart problems. Research indicates there may be damage to brain cells that manufacture the neurotransmitter serotonin.

There are risks connected to all night dancing and MDMA-dehydration; heat exhaustion and dangerously high body temperature is the most common serious. (Taking breaks to cool off and drinking plenty of water will help alleviate the risk.

Source: Charts I, II, and III, “A Matter of Facts,” prepared by the Minnesota Prevention Resource Center, Minnesota Institute of Public Health, for the Chemical Dependency Program Division, Minnesota Department of Human Services.

Chart I
DRUG ACTIONS CLASSIFIED BY TYPE OF DRUG

Drug Type

Facts

Possible Signs of Use/Abuse

Possible Health Risks of Use/Abuse

D

E

P

R

E

S

S

A

N

T

S

Alcohol (Brew, Juice, Liquor)

Barbituates (Downers, Barbs)

Benzodiazepines (Valium, Librium, Tranquilizer) taken each time to produce the same effect.

Chloral Hydrate ( Knock Out, Mickey Finn)

Glutehimide (Doriden) Ludes)

Methaqualone Quaalude

Other Depressants: Equanil, Miltown, Noludar, Placidyl, Valmid

Depressants depress or slow down the central nervous system by relaxing muscles, calming nerves and producing sleep. Alcohol is a depressant. Depressants are composed of sedative-hypnotic and tranquilizer drugs. Depressants are addictive. Users of depressants develop a tolerance to the drugs, Meaning larger doses must be taken each time to produce the same effect

Relaxation and drowsiness; lack of concentration; disorientation; loss of inhibitions; lack of coordination; dilated pupils; slurred speech; weak and rapid pulse; distorted vision; low blood pressure; shallow breathing; staggering; clammy skin; fever, sweating; stomach cramps; hallucinations; tremors; and delirium.

Liver damage; convulsions; addiction with severe withdrawal symptoms; coma, death due to overdose. For pregnant women, the newborn may be dependent and experience withdrawal or suffer from the birth defects and behavioral problems.

H

A

L

L

U

C

I

N

O

G

E

N

S

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide(LSD)

Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)

Mescaline and Peyote (Mexc, Buttons, Cactus) confusion, paranoia, anxiety, unpleasant sensory

Psilocybin (Mushrooms)

Amphetamine Variants(MDMA/Ectasy, MDA/Love drug, of the original drug experience without taking the

TMA DOM, DOB, PMA, STP, 2.5‑DMA

Phencyclidine Analogues (PCE, PCPy, TCP)

Other Hallucinogens: Bufotenine, lbogaine, DMT, DET Psilocybin

Hallucinogens are psychedelic, mind altering, drugs that affect a person’s perception, feelings, thinking, self- awareness, and emotions. A “bad trip” may result in the user experiencing panic , confusion, paranoia, anxiety, unpleasant sensory images, feelings, of helplessness, and a loss of control. A “flashback’ is a reoccurrence of the original drug experience without taking the drug again.

Dilated pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure; sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness; dry mouth; tremors; hallucinations; disorientation;confusion, paranoia;violence; euphoria; anxiety; and panic.

Agitation; extreme hyperactivity; psychosis; convulsions; mental or emotional problems; death.

I

N

H

A

L

A

N

T

S

Amyl Nitrite (Poppers, Snappers)

Butyl Nitrite (Rush, Bolt Bullet)

Chlorohydrocarbons (Aerosol Sprays, Cleaning Fluids)

Hydrocarbons (Solvents, gasoline, Airplane Glue, Paint Thinner)

Nitrous Oxide (Laughing Gas, Whippets)

Inhalants are substances that are breathed or inhaled through the nose. Inhalants are depressants and depress or slow down the body’s Functions. Inhalants are normally not thought of as drugs because they are often common household or industrial products. However, inhalants are often the most dangerous drugs per dose.

Euphoria and lightheadedness; excitability; loss of appetite; forgetfulness; weight loss; sneezing; coughing, nausea and vomiting; lack of coordination; bad breath; red eyes; sores on nose and mouth; delayed reflexes; decreased blood pressure; flushing (skin appears to be reddish); headache; dizziness; and violence.

Depression; damage to the nervous system and body tissues; damage to liver and brain; heart failure; respiratory arrest; suffocation; unconsciousness; seizures; heart failure; sudden sniffing death.

N

A

R

C

O

T

I

C

S

Codeine (School Boy)

Heroin (H, Harry, Junk, Brown Sugar, Smack)

Hydromorphine (Lords)

Meperidine (Doctors)

Morphine (Morpho, Miss Emma)

Opium (Dovers Powder)

Other Narcotics: Percodan, Talwin Lotomil, Carvon, Numporphan, Percocet, Tylox, Tussionex, Fentanyl

Narcotics are composed of opiates and synthetic drugs. Opiates are derived from the seed pod of the Asian poppy. Synthetic drugs called popiods are chemically developed to produce the effects of opiates. Initially, narcotics stimulate the higher centers of the brain, but then slow down the activity of the central nervous system. Narcotics relieve pain and induce sleep. Narcotics, such as Heroin, are often diluted with other substances (i.e. water, sugar) injected. Other Narcotics are extremely addictive. Users of narcotics develop a tolerance to the drugs, meaning larger doses must be taken each time to produce the same effect.

Euphoria; restlessness and lack of motivation; drowsiness; lethargy; decreased pulse rate; constricted pupils; flushing (skin appears reddish); constipation; nausea and vomiting; needle marks on extremities; skin abscesses at injection sites; shallow breathing; watery eyes; and itching

Pulmonary edema; respiratory arrest; convulsions; addiction; coma; death due to overdose. For users who share or use unsterile needles to inject narcotics: tetanus, hepatitis, AIDS. For pregnant women: premature births, stillbirth, and acute infections among newborns.

S

T

E

R

O

I

D

S

Anabolic-Androgenic (Roids Juice, D-Ball)

Steroids may contribute to increases in body weight and muscular strength. Anabolic – Androgenic steroids are chemically related to the male sex hormone testosterone. Anabolic means to build up the muscles and other tissues of the body. Androgenic refers to the development of male sex characteristics. Steroids are injected directly into the muscle or taken orally.

Sudden increase in muscle and weight; increase in aggression and combativeness; violence (“roid rage”); hallucinations; jaundice; purple or red spots on body, inside mouth or nose; swelling of feet or lower legs (edema); tremors; and bad breath. For women, breast reduction, enlarged clitoris, facial hair and baldness, deepened voice. For men: enlarged nipples and breasts, testicle reduction, enlarged prostate, baldness.

Acne; high blood pressure; liver and kidney damage; heart disease; increased risk of injury to ligaments and tendons; bowel and urinary problems; gallstones and kidney stones; liver cancer. For women, menstrual problems. For men, impotence and sterility. For users who share or use unsterile needles to inject steroids: hepatitis, tetanus, AIDS.

S

T

I

M

U

L

A

N

T

S

Amphetamines (Uppers, Pep Pills)

Cocaine (Coke, Flake, Snow)

Crack (Rock)

Methamphetamines (Ice, Crank, Crystal)

Phenmetrazine ( Preludin, Preludes)

Other Stimulants: Adpix, Cylert, Didres, Ionamin, Mefiat, Plegine, Sanorex, Tenuate, Tepanil, Prelu-2

Stimulants stimulate the central nervous system, increasing alertness and activity. Users of stimulants develop a tolerance, meaning larger doses must be taken to get the same effect. Stimulants are psychologically addictive.

Increased alertness; excessive activity; agitation; euphoria; excitability; increased pulse rate, blood pressure and body t Increased alertness; excessive activity; agitation; euphoria; excitability; increased pulse rate, blood pressure & body temperature; insomnia, loss of appetite; sweating dry mouth and lips; bad breath; disorientation; apathy; hallucinations; irritability; & nervousness.

Headaches; depression; malnutrition; hypertension; psychosis; cardiac arrest; damage to the brain and lungs; convulsions; coma; death.

Chart II

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES CRIME AND PENALTIES IN NEW YORK STATE

Class A-1 Felony: 15-25 years minimum; life term maximum

Possession: 4 oz. Narcotic Drugs (Opiates, Heroine, Morphine, Opium derivatives, codeine, coca leaves, cocaine, other drugs listed in Public Health Law 3306 Sch. 1 (b), (c); II (b) and (c) excluding Methadone); 5760 mg. Methadone.

Sale: 2 oz. Narcotic Drugs; 2880 mg. Methadone

Class A-II Felony: 3-8 H years minimum; life term maximum

Possession: 2 oz. Narcotic Drugs; 2880 mg. Methadone; 10 gm. Stimulants (Fenethylline, N-ethylamphetamine, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine [ 2 oz.]); 25 mg. LSD; 625 mg. Hallucinogens (DOM, STP,N- Methyl-3- Piperidyl Benzilate, Psilocybin, Psilocybin, Psilocyn, Tetrahydrocannabinols, Ethylamine analog of (PCP); 25 gm.

Hallucinogenic Substances ( DMA, PMA, DET, DMT, LSD, Marijuana, Mescaline Peyote).

Sale: ½ oz. Narcotic Drugs 360 mg. Methadone; 5 gm. Stimulants; ½ oz. Methamphetamine; 5 mg. LSD; 125 mg.

Hallucinogens; 5 gm. Hallucinogenic Substances.

Class B. Felony: 1-8 H years Minimum; 3-25 years maximum

Possession: ½ oz. Narcotic Drugs; 5 gm. Stimulants; ½ oz. Methamphetamine; 5 mg. LSD; 1250 mg.

Phencyclidine (PCP); 125 mg. Hallucinogens; 5 mg. Hallucinogenic Substances.

Sale: Any amount of Narcotic Drugs; any amount Narcotic Preparations; 1 gm. Stimulants; 1/8 oz. Methamphetamine; 1 mg. LSD; 250 mg. Phencyclidine (PCP); 25 mg. Hallucinogens; 1 gm. Hallucinogenic Substances.

Class C Felony: Maximum 15 years prison

Possession 1/8 oz. Narcotic drugs; 2 oz. Narcotic Preparations; 360mg. Methadone; 1 oz. Concentrated Cannabis; 1 gm. Stimulants; ½ oz. Methamphetamine; 1 mg. LSD; 250 mg. PCP; 25 mg. Hallucinogens; 1gm. Hallucinogenic Substances; 10oz. Dangerous Depressants (Methaqualone; Phencyclidine; Amobarbital, Glutethmide, Pentobarbital, Secobarbital, Barbital, Methoexital, Mephobarbital, Phenobarbital); 2 lb. Depressants (items in P.H.L. 3306* , Sch . IV [c] not listed above), 10 lbs. aggregate Marijuana.

Sale: Any amount Narcotic Preparations, Methadone, Concentrated Cannabis; ( to persons 19 yrs. on school ground, any amount Stimulants, Methamphetamines;, LSD, PCP, Hallucinogens, Hallucinogenic Substances, Dangerous Depressants, Depressants); 50mg. PCP, 10 oz. Dangerous Depressants; 2 lb. Depressants; more than 16 oz. Marijuana.

Class D Felony: Maximum 7 years prison

Possession: 500 mg. Cocaine, ½ oz. Narcotic Preparations; ¼ oz. or more Concentrated Cannabis; 50mg. PCP, 16 oz. aggregate Marijuana.

Sale: Any amount Stimulants; Methamphetamines; LSD; PCP; Hallucinogens; Hallucinogenic Substances; Dangerous Depressants; Depressants; more than 4 oz. of Marijuana; any amount to a person under 18 years old Marijuana.

Class E Felony: Maximum 4 years prison

Possession: 8 oz. aggregate** Marijuana.

Sale: 25 gm. Aggregate** Marijuana.

Class A Misdemeanor: Maximum 1 year prison or $1,000 fine

Possession: Any amount of Narcotic Drugs; narcotic preparations; Methadone; concentrated Cannabis; Stimulants; Methamphetamines; LSD; PCP; Hallucination; Hallucinogenic Substances; Dangerous Depressants; Depressants; Marijuana.

Class B Misdemeanor: Maximum 3 months prison or $500 fine

Possession: Any amount Marijuana exposed in a public place; 25 gm. Marijuana otherwise.

Sale: 2 gm. or 1 joint Marijuana.

______________________________________________________________________________________

*Public Health Law 3306- available from Public Safety

** Aggregate is the gross weight of material in which “pure” marijuana is contained.

Chart III

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES CRIMES AND PENALTIES UNDER FEDERAL LAW

Possession: 100 grams or more methamphetamine or kilogram or more methamphetamine mixture, 1 kilogram or more heroin mixture, 5 kilograms or more cocaine mixture, 50 grams or more crack mixture, 100 grams or more PCP or 1 kilogram or more PCP mixture, 10 grams of more LSD mixture, 400 grams or more Fentanyl mixture, 100 grams or more Fentanyl analogue mixture, 1000 or more marijuana plants.

Penalty:

First Offense: 0 to life, 10 year mandatory minimum; if death or serious injury, 20 year minimum; up to $4 milliom fine individual, $10 million other than individual.

Second Offense: 0 to life, 20 year mandatory minimum; if death or serious injury, not less than life; up to $8 million fine individual, $20 million other than the individual.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Possession: 10-99 grams methamphetamine or 100-999 grams methamphetamine mixture, 100-999 grams heroine mixture, 500-4999 grams cocaine mixture, 5-49 grams crack mixture, 10-99 grams PCP or 100-999 grams PCP mixture, 1-10 grams LSD mixture, 4-399 grams Fetanyl, 10-99 grams Fetanyl analogue, 100-1000 kilograms marijuana, 100-1000 marijuana plants.

Penalty:

First Offense: 0 to 40 years, 5 year mandatory minimum; if death or serious injury, 20 year minimum; up to $ 2 million fine individual, $ 5 million other than individual.

Second Offense: 0 to life, 10 year mandatory minimum; if death or serious injury, not less than life; up to $ 4 million fine individual, $ 10 million other than individual.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Possession: Any amount of other Schedule I and Schedule II Controlled Substances, 50-100 kilograms marijuana, 50-99 marijuana plants, 10-100 kilograms hashish, 1-100 kilograms hashish oil.

Penalty:

First Offense: 0 to 20 years; if death or serious injury, 20 year minimum, not more than life; up to $1 million fine individual, $ 5 million other than individual.

Second Offense: 0to 30 years; if death or serious injury, not less than life; up to $ 2 million fine individual, $ 10 million other than individual.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Possession: Any amount of Schedule IV Controlled Substances.

Penalty:

First Offense: 0 to 3 years; up to $ 250,000 fine individual, $ 1 million other than individual.

Second Offense: 0 to 6 years; up to $ 500,000 fine individual, $ 2 million other than individual.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________Possession: Any amount of Schedule V Controlled Substances.

Penalty:

First Offense: 0 to 1 year; up to $ 100,000 fine individual, $ 250, 000 other than individual.

Second Offense: 0 to 2 years; up to $ 200, 000 fine individual, $ 500, 000 other than individual.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

In addition to the above penalties for controlled substances crimes, Federal law provides for: (1) forfeiture of personal and real property used to possess or to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable b more than one year imprisonment; (2) forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance; (3) a civil fine of up to $10,000 (pending adoption of final regulations); (4) denial of Federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to 1 year for first offense, up to 5 years for second and subsequent offenses; (5) ineligibility to receive or purchase a firearm; and (6) revocation of certain Federal benefits, e.g. pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., as determined by individual Federal agencies.