Right of Way
|Simple Defense -
The Simple Parry - The basic movement of a parry is: a
deflection of your opponent’s blade with yours by contacting his/her
weak on your strong. To execute properly, a number of steps must be
accomplished in order:
The Riposte - A riposte with detachment is the primary and most preferred riposte in foil, as it can be directed to any line, fairly easily. Ripostes with engagement function just like a glide, and are useful against fencers who are hesitant to be without blade contact. As with all ripostes, minimize excess movement, and lunge straight toward the target, but only as long or as far as you need to.
Ceding Parries - Ceding parries are useful moves against the glide attack. As a glide is initiated, retreat until the proper engagement (strong on weak) of blades is obtained. At this point, a riposte with engagement should follow.
Complex Defense -
Circular Parries - Circular parries are parries that happen on the opposite line your blade was positioned in at the start. As your opponent lunges, make a small circle to the other side of the blade, and, once there, proceed to parry. DO NOT spin around your opponent’s blade, picking it up with you and guiding it to target area. Nor should you overrotate and miss the parry altogether. It is two separate movements done fluidly. Think of it as such.
Arrest/Strop Thrust - Used against multiple feint attacks or delayed coupes, a stop thrust is simply an extension plus a half lunge that starts before the initiation of the opponents final maneuver (and hence his/her attack). It is critical that the move be completed before the opponent has gained right of way. If in doubt, do not use it.
Disengagement in Time - Used against all varieties of beat attacks, the disengagement in time is a move that evades the opponent’s blade as it is trying to beat. One can follow this up using any simple or complex attack.
Inquartata - Following the
initiation of an attack by the opponent, the blade is extended to
the inside high line, and the back foot is moved approximately 45
degrees to the right (if right handed) or left (if left handed) of
the attack. In theory, the opponent’s blade should be passé, and
yours should net a touch. Under no circumstances should you ever
turn your back to an opponent, so watch that you don’t over rotate
Passata Sota - Like the
inquartata, this is a body evasion, but to the low line, usually to the
flank. As the opponent attacks, extend straight ahead, and, while
doing so, essentially lunge backward with your left leg, letting
your non fencing hand touch the floor and bending over so that your
opponent’s blade is left idle in the air above you. Keep your head
up though, as covering target area with the bib is a penalty.