of Life and Death
Ahimsa - nonviolence
Buddha associated with Ching-tu (the Pure Land)
Buddhist doctrine of No-self
Atman - Ultimate
or True self, believed in Hinduism to be identical to Brahman
"Mind of enlightenment"; altruistic attitude to achieve enlightenment for
the sake of all sentient beings
Enlightened being who remains in the world to help others
Buddha - An
enlightened being; "one who woke up"
School of Chinese Buddhism that emphasizes devotion to Amitabha Buddha
as a means to rebirth in the Pure Land
Citta - mind
or mental state
vs. Ultimate/Instrinsic (Being, Existence, Truth, etc.)
- Distinction, associated with the Madhyamika school, between two levels/types
of being, truth, etc.
- Buddhist teaching, associated with the Madhyamika school, of the interconnectedness
of all things
Eightfold Path -
Buddhist practice designed to lead to enlightenment: right knowledge, intention,
speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and meditation.
Five Precepts -
Buddhist ethical precepts: do not harm, steal, lie, engage in improper
sexual behavior, or use intoxicants
Four Noble Truths
1) Life is dukkha, 2) Dukkha is caused by tanha, 3) Tanha can be overcome
by developing karuna, and 4) Karuna can be developed by following the Eightfold
Four Passing Sights
- Sickness, Old Age, Death, and Religion (in the form of a Brahmin priest)
Four Seals -
1) impermanence, 2) Dukkha is the mark of conditioned existence, 3) emptiness/selflessness,
and 4) Nirvana is true peace.
Guarding the doors
- According to Buddhism, we can err in our actions, our speech, and
our thoughts. Accordingly, morality requires guarding the three doors of
body, speech, and mind.
Hinayana - Theravada
Buddhism: "The little vessel". Cf. Mahayana.
Buddhist doctrine concerning the transient nature of reality
Karma - Action
and the consequences of action; a connective principle between the things
one does and the events and circumstances of one's (future) life
Karuna - Compassion
"The Middle Way"; philosophical system associated with Nagarjuna
Mahayana - Form
of Buddhism, prevalent in Tibet and East Asia, that emphasizes compassion
and the desire to bring all beings to enlightenment: "The large vessel".
Physical or pictorial representation of "reality" (in a manner that would
not normally be available to one's senses), often used as focus for meditation.
2nd century AD, typically regarded as the founder of the Madhyamika school
Nirvana - Ultimate
release from all suffering, including the samsaric cycle of birth, death,
Samsara - Cycle
of repeated birth, death, and rebirth
Sangha - Buddhist
community of monks and nuns
The historical Buddha: Sage (muni) of the Shakya clan.
- Buddhist doctrine of emptiness associated with the Madhyamika school.
- The historical Buddha, 6th century BCE.
Sutra, sutta -
Tanha - Self-regarding
"Tradition of the Elders", cf. Hinayana and Mahayana.
Three Jewels -
Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha
Three Higher Trainings
Insight/wisdom, concentration, and morality/ethics
Website constructed and maintained
Douglas Shrader / Shradedw@Oneonta.edu
Updated February 8, 2002